Health and Safety at Work


Health and Safety at Work

In busy workplaces such as warehouses, factories, construction sites and hospitals, workers may be at risk of injury or illness while working. You can hurt your back lifting heavy boxes, damage your lungs from exposure to toxic chemicals used in industrial cleaning, and injure your hands and wrists from repetitive motions while working hours on the same assembly line.

"Workplace injuries can be acute or chronic, says Carissa Harris-Adamson, PhD, associate professor of environmental sciences and director of the Center for Occupational and Environmental Health at the University of California, Berkeley, and School of Public Health. Acute injuries occur due to accidents or sudden impacts, which we try to prevent through safety measures. 

Chronic injuries occur because of the cumulative effect that occurs when the demands of tasks performed over and over again eventually overload the body.


How can you Protect Yourself from Workplace Injuries?

Experts say every job has its own unique risks, but there are basic principles that can help you stay safe in any job. This book is called the "hierarchical structure of control" and the National Institute of Industrial Security and Safety and Safety (NiOSH) says it is "the main way of protecting workers".

Martin Cohen, professor of environmental and professional sciences at the University of Washington, said: “Employers and employees are responsible for workers' health and safety.” Employers are responsible for presenting a healthy and safe job, and staff must accept it seriously and understand the risk of understanding and cooperating with the employer to reduce this risk." Lean about 10 Occupational Factors Affecting Health and Safety at Work


Keep It Safe

The hierarchical structure of control begins with a more efficient, more efficient and most efficient protection method.


What should you ask for to keep yourself safe at your job?

Elimination: If there is a way to eliminate the hazard, that is the best way to ensure workplace safety. For example, if you work on a construction site, is there a job that puts you nine stories above the ground without the risk of falling?

Substitution: Replacement is the best alternative after removal. It is about replacing a risky situation with a less risky one. This can mean replacing toxic chemicals with less toxic ones, such as low-VOC paint. This means it contains little or no volatile organic compounds that can be harmful to your health.

Technical control: If a hazard cannot be eliminated or replaced, can the way you work be redesigned to reduce that risk? Working at height can mean building fences and plugging holes. If you are exposed to dust and particles from construction or cutting marble countertops, adding fans and ducts can help.

"Most workplace injuries are caused by repetitive motion," says Cohen. “If you keep doing the same thing over and over again, chronic pain and musculoskeletal injuries will occur.

To avoid this, it may be helpful to redesign your work by changing the way your workstation is set up or the way your workflow works."

Administrative control: If other solutions do not completely solve the problem, administrative controls should be put in place to reduce the time workers are exposed to hazards, such as warning labels on dangerous machine parts, regular breaks, and job sharing. We offer training programs in the safe operation of machinery or lifting heavy objects.

Personal protective equipment (PPE):  In case of danger, always wear personal protective equipment. These include respirators to reduce inhalation of particles and gases, hearing protection when exposed to loud noises, and fall protection systems when working in the air. "Ideally, the various controls should work together to make the workplace as safe as possible," says Cohen. “For example, consider an operator who uses a heavy-duty circular saw all day. If possible, you can replace the saw with a silent one. Workers may be placed in soundproof areas to control the exposure of others.

Employees can take breaks to avoid constant exposure to noise. Of course, workers still need hearing protection.”

“To avoid back pain during exercise, there are tips and habits you can use every day to prevent injury, including keeping your body stable, maintaining good posture, and keeping heavy objects close to your body. The idea is to limit workers' exposure to hazards as much as possible," says Harris-Adamson. Learn about IOSH Working Safely Course


Other tips for Staying Safe at Work Include:

• Don't guess: If you do not know how to perform a particular task or operate a piece of equipment, first ensure that you have received proper training.

• It cleans: Keeping your work area neat, tidy and free of debris and spills can reduce the likelihood of falls or other injuries.

• Report immediately: Notify your employer immediately if you notice a dangerous situation, such as equipment failure, or if you are "in the vicinity" to prevent an accident.

• Be prepared: Be aware of emergency exits, first aid kits, eyewash stations, etc. and make sure you know your workplace policies about what to do in an emergency.


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